domingo, junho 10, 2007

Dia de Portugal e de Camões

Oficialmente Dia de Camões, de Portugal e das Comunidades Portuguesas. A data do falecimento de Luís Vaz de Camões em 1580 é utilizada para relembrar os feitos passados.

Dia de Portugal (Portugal Day) or in the full extent Dia de Portugal, de CAMÕES e das Comunidades Portuguesas (Portugal, Camões, and the Portuguese communities Day) marks the date of Luis de Camões death in June 10th, 1580 and it is Portugal's national holiday. Camões wrote The Lusiadas, Portugal's national epic.

Portuguese discoveries brought fame and fortune to Portugal and a national idea of union and common aim, becoming a symbol of the greatness of the nation. Camões lived most of his life as an adventurer, lost an eye in Ceuta, wrote the Portuguese epic in his voyages and saved himself and his book from a shipreck in Conchinchina (today's Vietnam). Thus, he became a Portuguese symbol, and in the year of his death, Portugal started to be ruled by Spanish kings. Sixty years later, in December 1, 1640, the country regained a national-born king. No one knows where and when Camões was born, thus the date of his death, the only date that is actually known, gained importance as a symbol of Portugal.

During the Estado Novo regime in the 20th Century, Camões was used as a symbol for the Portuguese race. In 1944, in the ceremony of the inauguration of the National Stadium, Salazar refered to June 10th as the Race Day. It was believed that the Portuguese had a single and common ancestry and it served fascist purposes. Because of that, the June 10th celebrations were stopped after the Carnation Revolution in 1974, although some celebrations continued without official recognition. After 1974, the celebration started having different purposes, especially celebrating the Portuguese emigres around the world (Comunidades Portuguesas, Portuguese communities).


Sem comentários:

Enviar um comentário